27 Jun

The Importance Of Decent Parking Ventilation Explained

An installed Cyclone ventilator

Covered parking lots, multi-surface and underground parking sites represent the essential features of a modern urban landscape, ensuring the safety of vehicles. But not every car owner is aware about the security threats posed at these undeniably useful facilities.

Taking into account the fact that virtually any parking is primarily a substantial accumulation of cars in a confined space, there are two main points, constituting a menace to people and their vehicles to be noted:

  • The risk of emergence and rapid spread of fire (because each machine features a tank with a non-zero amount of gasoline)
  • the risk of poisoning the owners and passers-by with monoxide from vehicles’ emissions

Therefore, the business plan of indoor (and primarily multilevel) lots should include the availability of sufficiently powerful ventilation and smoke detection mechanisms that can continuously provide the required ventilation. Of course, such internal engineering systems, structures and networks increase the cost of construction and maintenance of the car parking, but ultimately these systems increase the level of fire protection and environmental safety significantly.

In addition, no state supervisory authority responsible for environmental control will permit the exploitation of the facility without a decent installing car park ventilation system up and running, not to mention smoke protection mechanisms. In addition, such facilities should be used in full accordance with the rules of technical operation of the vehicle.

Another fact to underline is that the complexes put into operation decades ago are forced to integrate new parking ventilation systems according to standards adopted in the overwhelming majority of countries worldwide.

26 Jun

The Miraculous Glass Reinforced Concrete

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Glass reinforced concrete is fairly considered to be one of the most versatile building materials that stand in the service of modern architects and designers. The material production technology was developed over thirty years ago and since then glass reinforced concrete  has managed to establish itself as an indispensable tool and made ​​a significant contribution to the economy, technology and aesthetics of the building industry.

The material is comprised of several groups of elements: glass reinforced fiber is a collective term which includes a family of materials designed for a wide variety of purposes. Since its introduction in 1969, GRC has been implanted in global building practices around the globe, and now it is utilised by construction experts in 120+ countries.

In the years since the advent of GRC on the global construction market, the material has fully formed as a finest quality building component, plus the scope of its use has been significantly expanded.

Glass reinforced concrete has already firmly established in Europe (England, France, Germany), the United States, the countries of the Arab East, Japan and South East Asia (just remember the amazing Petronas Towers in Kuala-Lumpur), Australia and New Zealand.

The creation of the next-gen material was largely driven by the desire to improve the traditional concrete by improving its properties and thereby expanding its capabilities.

Admittedly, a major concrete disadvantage lies in its stone nature and low tensile strength. In reinforced concrete the weak point is partially eliminated by enabling metal fittings to deal with pressure. Dispersed reinforcement of concrete with fiberglass has a high tensile strength and significantly increases the strength of concrete stretching and bending.

05 Jun

Lighting Design Principles In A Nutshell

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Creating a smooth, uniform lighting theme with no abrupt transitions from light to shadow can be achieved through installing a number of smaller lights. Playing with tall pillars, combining lighting elements, bollards and built-in lighting fixtures, you can create a dynamic lighting system capable of covering the entire area: from the treetops and roofs of the cottage to the pool or flowerbeds. Street lighting experts are trying to cover all possible genres, offering lamps of country, Empire, Baroque, Art Nouveau and even Victorian street lighting styles. Therefore, the collections of the German, Italian and UK factories are typically represented by myriads of highly-functional lamps, suitable for the most intricate designs. Consider the option of acquiring forged fittings that resonates with lines and shadows and look stunningly beautiful. Just like in fashion industry, lighting design offers its own tendencies and trends virtually each season to complement the most exquisite terrace designs.

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08 May

Leeds The Muslim

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Leeds has a strong Muslim community with nearly 3% of Islam adherents from the entire population. The city houses a number of mosques and organisations with Mosque Jinnah, Leeds Grand Mosque, Makka Masjid and Bilal mosques, the Islamic Cultural Centre of Leeds, Leeds Islamic Organisation, Center for Islamic Studies at the University of Leeds and so on. Muslims represent an active part of the populace with a great reputation and respect from both authorities and residents. All mosques organised lessons and lectures on Islamic sciences such as the Qur’an, hadith, sira, Fiqh and etc. The places of cultural interest are scattered throughout the city, thus you may want to consider various Leeds hotels options when planning your trip to the city.

Leeds Central Mosque Jinnah is the first and the oldest mosque of Leeds, erected in 1958. Subsequently, in 1974 and 1982 the territory of the mosque complex was expanded. In 1980, the government of Leeds provided a grant for mosque sports hall construction, where nowadays sports and cultural events, as well as weddings, meetings and conferences take place.

Leeds Grand Mosque

The largest mosque in the city was converted from a church in 1994 due to the financial contribution made by Muhammad bin Saif Al Nahyan from Abu Dhabi (UAE). The complex’s main hall open space is used for experiments in human echolocation field.

Makka Masjid

Makka Masjid was built in 2003; until then, the Muslims of Leeds rented two houses. To date, Makka Masjid is one of the most beautiful active mosques in Leeds.

Bilal Mosque

Founded in 1982, Bilal occupied the building of a church. The mosque launched a number of educational courses, training young men and women in various Islamic disciplines. Bilal supports the local sports center.

If you are interested in the aspiring Muslim communities of Yorkshire, you should definitely visit the city, taking into account a wide selection of hotels in Leeds and a highly developed public transport system, you will definitely enjoy your stay.

14 Apr

The Process Of Borehole Drilling Explained

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Oil and gas borehole drilling implies using rotational method exclusively, carrying the rock particles to the surface through circulating fluid jet. Depending on the location of the engine the drilling techniques are divided into two major groups: rotor drilling, when the engine is installed on the surface, activating the drill bit at the bottom by rotating the entire drill string and downhole motor drilling that demands using a drill motor or turbine when the engine is located close to the borehole above the drill bit.

In classical geophysics the drilling process includes the following aspects: tripping operations (descending drill pipe with a chisel into the wellbore to the bottom and lifting it with the exhaust bit) and the actual drilling at the bottom of a bit (bit rock failure). These operations are interrupted periodically for installing the casing in the well, designed to protect the borehole from landslides and separation of oil horizons.

Simultaneously the process of drilling is accompanied by a number of auxiliary operations performed; coring, mud logging preparation, well curvature measuring, testing or exploring the site to forecast the thickness of oil levels and etc.

  1. The full well construction project is comprised of the following submissions:
  2. Mounting platforms, drilling and platform development (typically includes infrastructure development).
  3. The process of drilling
  4. Opening and zonal isolation (implementing casing barrages and cementing; the stage that is considered to be the one that indicates the drilling process).
  5. Testing the well for the flow of oil, gas or water.
  6. Dismantling the equipment once the platform is up and running.

Actually, mentioned above are the general stages to underline, as an installation and dismantling may also include minor mending, while the process of testing may be divided into a multitude of stages.

26 Mar

No Win No Fee Excursion Into History

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The British government intend to reform a no win no fee system became obvious when Ken Clarke, UK Justice Minister, made an announcement on March 13, 2011. Initially, it was assumed that the new success fee rules will take effect from October 2012.

Clark suggested that legal fees should not be covered by the losing party, but deducted from the compensation due to the winning party. According to the head of the Ministry of Justice, the plans aimed at making the justice system more balanced and equally fair for all the parties. At the same time the government was in favor of limiting attorneys’ fees to 25% from compensation in contrast to the earlier proposal for 10 percent of the amount. The government’s proposal was supported by parliamentarians, but the authoritative figures expressed concern that the government’s plans can go too far. According to them, the desire to limit the success fee could lead to the lawyers’ dramatically low interest even in the accident claims doomed for success.

A no win, no fee system was introduced in the UK as a result of the reform of the judicial system, held in 1999. It enabled solicitors to operate within the framework of conditional fee arrangement. With the introduction of this system an ‘After the Event’ insurance mechanism was born. These actions contributed to a real revolution: the system has become extremely actively used by both providers and consumers.

Initially, the government believed that the reforms, carried into effect, will make a solid contribution into more accessible legal services. Additionally, such rules should have become a perfect incentive for a lawyer: thus, the center of gravity shifts to an overall success of the case, not on the time spend to achieve positive results.

19 Mar

Scrap Metal Industry In Europe

Scrap metals are considered to be waste products intended to be processed in order to enter the manufacturing cycle over again. The trend of growing interest in scrap metals is booming not only in Europe and the United States; Turkey, India, China and dozens of other countries are actively buying scrap metal in huge volumes. The explanation is pretty easy to find: scrap metal is way much cheaper than raw iron or copper.

Honestly, the Eastern and Western attitudes towards scrap metals processing are fundamentally different. Therefore, Europeans nourish interest in maintaining free trade of scrap: import and export rates are currently on the crest of a wave here. Since a savvy European scrap metal dealer is interested in searching for prospective opportunities, the number of imported and exported scrap is typically close to be equal. This indicates a high stability of the market and progressive development of market relations.

Western European countries sell scrap in many other countries: Turkey, the Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland and nearly 30 states more to be mentioned. In Germany, France and the UK scrap metal is consumed in higher volumes in comparison with raw minerals. By the way, Germany is the European leader in scrap metal harvesting and processing, as well as export.

In accordance with a research, carried out in the University of Brussels, European dumps will store almost four billion tons of ferrous metal in the coming 25 years. The lion’s share of this volume will be comprised of cars. Scientists forecast that over the 25 years the number of the vehicles produced will outperform the number of cars ever produced before. The consumption boom, according to experts, will naturally be more noticeable in more developed economies.

06 Mar

The Maternity Dress Of Your Dreams

Maternity Wedding DressIf you want to look majestic and solemn on your wedding day, take your time and select a maternity wedding dress carefully. Remember that you will be wearing a dress for a long time, so it should in no way hamper your movability. The models tailored from light and flowing fabrics will make a pregnant bride look like a queen. An elegant addition – a diadem instead of a veil, will certainly emphasise your brilliant look.

Choosing the right fabric

Providing the desired comfort for the expectant mother is possible using the models sewn from lightweight and flowing material. For this reason, pregnant women are best to abandon dresses with corset, which is explained by the fact that these wedding dresses made of heavy taffeta and come with multilayered skirts. Actually, you should better make a choice in favor of dresses with the addition of chiffon, organza or flying and flowing matt silk. All the women who are expecting a baby radiate special energy, and such materials will give ethereal and light feeling. Remember that the material of the dress should be chosen with care, because even the most famous and savvy wedding dress salon will hardly be able to add cardinal changes to the bride’s dress at the supreme moment.

The cut of the sleeves should be special

The wedding dresses for pregnant women have a tiny but very important detail you should pay attention to – the sleeves. The primary requirement is not to overdecorate the sleeves; the trend of the season consists in adding straps, which adds intriguing nudity. If you are on 4-5+ month of pregnancy, the wedding dress should not look similar to the sleeves, because the tummy may become more noticeable, while puffed sleeves may spoil the look by making you look thicker. Check some wedding fashion magazines to find a bunch of photos of wedding dresses for pregnant women, and to see how designers emphasise the sleeves. 

02 Mar

The Latest Technological Advances in Ultrasonic Cleaning

automated-ultrasonic-cleaning-machines-52947-2639615As almost any prosperous industry, ultrasonic cleaning doesn’t stand still – the engineers are grinding away to integrate new methodologies and approaches into practice. Mentioned below is the list of noteworthy technologies that are not yet integrated on industrial level.

Reduced friction between the surfaces

An imposition of ultrasonic vibrations on the mating surfaces to reduce friction arising between them is an effect that can be used in the assembly of main units in which the parts are assembled with an interference, as well as to reduce scuffing and scratching of the surfaces of the mating parts.

A reduction in friction with the help of ultrasound has been successfully demonstrated in industrial trial installations of fuel rods in the fuel assembly skeleton. The trials show that the friction is reduced by 3-4 times.

Also, for example, an application of ultrasonic vibrations to the walls of the crystallizing dish reduces the friction, having a positive effect on the surface quality of the workpiece, reduces wear of the crystallizing dish surfaces (copper or graphite plates and bushings), plus considerable energy savings are achieved due to load reduction on engine.

Free-flowing materials sealing and compressing

Ultrasound promotes densification of free-flowing materials. This property can be used effectively to seal the powders during their compaction. Due to this, the molded product acquires a more uniform structure and its internal defects (cracks and sink) are eliminated, while the level of hardness is increased.

Metal parts hardening

Metal parts hardening by means of ultrasound, where protrude steel balls with a diameter of 0.4 to 2 mm act as reinforcing elements is another reasonable processing method. An ultrasonic transducer transmits pulses to the balls that make them move randomly within a specific hub and strike the surface of the part subjected to hardening with high frequency.

Metals mixing

The method is utilized for aluminum, cadmium, iron, zinc, bronze, graphite and many other alloys production. For example, mixing aluminum with lead improves the processability of the aluminum molding.

The innovators

Looking for a reliable, innovative partner to cooperate with in ultrasonic cleaning? Contact the guys from Hilsonic – the company that concentrates its effort on brand-new ultrasonic techniques will certainly not leave you indifferent.

02 Mar

The Transport System Of Leeds

A64 LeedsThe greater Leeds is crossed by M1 motorway and a range of highway, including A58, A62, A63, A64, A65. M1 is one of the most important transport arteries of England that connects Leeds with London. A58 leads to Prescott, A62 to Manchester, A63 to Kingston, A64 to Scarborough and A65 to Cumbria. Due to a highly developed road system and a broad variety of hotels in Leeds, the popularity of the city grows among auto tourists exponentially.

In the 60s of the last century an extremely ambitious project of circumferential highway has been implemented in the city. A good part of the road falls to the share of underground tunnels. Thus, in contrast to Birmingham, Leicester and many other cities in England, Leeds has managed to minimize the damage caused to an ancient look and feel by the development of the transport system. Therefore, with a sweeping selection of accommodation options, including totally affordable serviced apartments Leeds offers legions of tourists to plunge into an ancient atmosphere of the city.

Some shopping streets in the central part of Leeds (e.g. Brigat) are closed for vehicles. In early 2006 the free bus route has been launched due to the initiative of city authorities: the form of public transport that exists in many European cities is highly appreciated by the tourists. The trams have been abolished in November 1959; today the city is considering the option of introducing trolleybus routes. The ‘Next generation transport’, held in Leeds in 2009, resulted into a new initiative to reincarnate trolleybus tradition in the city. The city estimates the implementation of a new project at 280 million pounds, while the launch of the new type of public transport is scheduled for the year of 2015. However, a similar initiative has been declined by the government in 2004.